eucalyptus nitens - shining gum. . Subsequently, wood transverse slices from the seized eucalyptus logs morphologically identified as being E. globulus and E. nitens found in the trucks were collected for dendrochronology comparison. And the firewood from brown barrel gum produces hot and lasting fires. • be hardy; They should all have a sign around their trunks when planted that says ‘I must be harvested before I turn 5’. “If you have animals to feed, tagasaste makes both great drought forage and fuelwood although for firewood, it is best not to prune it. Both it and Eucalyptus ovata, the swamp gum, grow in quite moist soil (but not West Coast pakihi) and tolerate a -8°C frost, and while their firewood is good, the timber isn’t, and E. nitens doesn’t coppice all that reliably. Nitens are generally grown as a firewood crop, though they also make grand stand alone specimen trees. 2. Plant at 1667 per hectare and after 4 years you’ll be able to thin out with a good harvest. Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. However, both of these trees take many years to be mature for cutting. • burn cleanly. Eucalyptus have a much higher density than willow or poplar so these will produce longer burning logs and complement the other species well. Acacias can also be good early spring pollen for bees. SWP research is focusing on the potential to improve the solid wood properties of E. nitens, enhancing its potential value for growers. Best firewood I know of is drooping sheoak (Allocasuarina verticillata) which they once used to drive the Murray river steamers. They are a fascinating, beautiful, versatile, and highly evolved group of trees and our mission is to help people select the right Eucalyptus tree for … Denis Hockings – farm forester, Bulls. Others who live in a region where eucalyptus is prevalent have used the firewood for years, have not had any issues and love it. Poly Pots are made from polythene, which is easily recycled ♻️ Shining Gum.A very fast growing variety with grey-green foliage that is ideal for shelter or firewood.Hardy and tolerates frost.Evergreen growing to approximately 30m. I am currently looking into best practices; for example, best time of year for regrowth purposes and I am looking into production of eucalyptus oil. Tagasaste (Chamaecytisus palmensis, also known as tree lucerne). Dept of Agriculture Forest Service. Eucalyptus botyroides The most popular firewood species planted in the deep south in recent years is Eucalyptus nitens as it coppices, can be cut in about eight years, has long straight trunks with little slash, and burns hot. It tolerates cool wet conditions but absolutely thrives in hot dry conditions too. The heart timber is red to red-brown, high density, hard, ... E. nitens (shining gum) is slightly harder and denser again. The blueish juvenile leaves lengthen with age and the tree will grow to perhaps 60 metres. Tolerates most soils except extremely wet or dry. Most of my customers are a bit sceptical of Nitens when they see the young trees, as they do look unusual  As above though, they grow into exceptional trees very quickly. As we have an open fire, no doubt this winter I will be learning which wood sparks and which burns well with the bark still on, but I am also looking forward to discovering the different smells of burning cherry, or apple, or hickory (hazelnut). Buy Now. Once the temperature eased back to the high 20°C to low 30°C they started growing again. Eucalyptus nitens - PB3/4 (50/60) - Shining Gum. Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) is another good choice. “For wetter soils, there is nothing wrong with poplar. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. NOTE they were in a poly tunnel. Small firewood forests. The product photo shows the growth of a Eucalyptus Nitens about 15 months old. Shining gum trees can reach heights of 70m, and diameters of 1-2m at chest height. “If you want a predominantly deciduous woodlot, you can include Japanese or hybrid larch which has a splash of autumn and winter colour, cones for kindling and is light enough underneath in winter to support bluebells and daffodils. Noted for their ability to withstand strong winds makes them ideal as shelter. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Nitens do not have lignotubers, and are therefore not suited to coppicing. add to cart. “First, I would not plant radiata pine. Eucalyptus: Doubts, Creeds, Myths, Facts e Realities Part 02: The opinion of the "favorable interested parties" As I have already said in the past edition of the Eucalyptus Newsletter, the Eucalyptus trees are able to bring emotions that travel from the most pure love and admiration to the most warm positions against their planting. Plump kereru browse its lush foliage on a frosty winter’s day, hanging heavily in the branches. Is very susceptible to sawfly, ophilemus and leaf lerp although some bio-control is now available with parasites. The spring growth brings kereru and, being a legume, the roots are nitrogen-fixing. Eucalyptus nitens and Coppicing Summarised from an article by I C Boyer Shining Gum (Eucalyptus nitens) has been promoted as the tree to provide us with a perpetual firewood supply. If he had to start again and for firewood over specialty timber, Eric says he’d choose trees that suit his unique conditions on his Upper Hutt block. When cut for firewood, even finger-thickness branches are worth keeping for the firewood pile. Bruce Parker – NZ Tree Crops Association, Coastal Otago. Buy Now. Root pathogens that might affect eucalypts probably won’t attack the cypresses, although the cypresses can be vulnerable to windthrow (where tree are uprooted or broken by high winds) and I’ve had a patch of mine topple in an easterly storm. “I read all the coppicing articles and planted scores of different timber species 20-25 years ago, so am now well qualified to give advice!”. And oak is one of the most sought after firewoods. A good species for firewood as it coppices well (resprouts after cutting); also used for very fast shelter (5m in two years on fertile sites) and pulpwood. It doesn’t coppice but readily regenerates from its own seed. The awakening of dormant buds at leaf and branch nodes. A regime that has worked well for E. nitens being grown for veneer logs is as follows: Age 1 and 2 Form prune the most vigorous 300sph to remove double leaders and steep-angled branches. Here’s a video of a forest of Nitens in Southern Australia. Grape prunings have taken the place of pine cones for a fire starter. • your soil type/s. Ian Stewart – NZ Tree Crops Association, Central Otago. Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. Both are great multi-use trees and yield dense hot firewood. The acacias would provide nitrogen and leaf litter to help breakdown the eucalypt leaves and bark and are capable of growing under a eucalypt canopy. I am ready to harvest my first lot any time now. Manuka has a flaky bark which makes excellent kindling. The wood burns very hot – and the leaves very hot – creating long lasting embers and little ash. A fast-growing tall, straight tree. Eric Cairns has dedicated his life to growing trees. Eucalyptus nitens. eucalyptus nitens - shining gum. • your local climate; The best way to recycle poly pots is to reuse them ! Advantages: mostly splits easily, nitrogen-fixing properties, good leaf litter properties, coppices well, hot firewood. The bonus is that it has very attractive timber, should you have enough large trees for milling by age 15-20.”. Ben Gaia – Tree Crops Association, West Coast. E. nitens. We first started growing Eucalyptus in 2000 and, bitten by the bug, we now produce them on a much larger scale. NELSON Our lifestyle block is above the valley between Queenstown and Arrowtown, near Coronet Peak, so we get cold winters, warm summers, and around 600mm annual rainfall. As a result, eucalyptus is not a wood that most homeowners would choose for a wood-burning stove used for cooking. Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) is another good choice. Starting in the late 19th to early 20th century trials of Eucalyptus trees were planted with varying degrees of success. • not grow too large, should you not get around to harvesting it soon enough; The hybrid cypresses are great for firewood – you can shave off kindling thinner than cardboard. Buy Now. They can however be pollarded or cut down completely for logs. The downside of this particular species is that it is one of the least hardy. It’s a toss-up between tree lucerne (Chamaecytisus palmensis, tagasaste) and pohutukawa. The key is planting trees that do well in your region. The long, thin, glossy green foliage is joined by white f lowers from January to March. Timber is very hard and durable with a beautiful creamy-yellow colour. Heatwise, eucalyptus is comparable to oak. The sap is very thin and if weathered outside for a season the wood is ready for burning. Return them to me, and I will. A very fast growing Eucalyptus making an excellent choice for coppicing, firewood and timber. This tree self-sows, establishes and grows quickly, and copes with drought, frost, cold, wet and acidic conditions. Eucalyptus firewood is known for burning very hot. So you know eucalyptus is good. There are numerous species available and Eucalyptus nitens has the most eye catching yields – a trial planted in Kent by John Purse of Prima Bio yielded over 150 oven dry tonnes in eight years. Browse and purchase our Eucalyptus nitens and other products online or instore at Southern Woods. Here are our favourites: John: Acacia melanoxylon Kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) is similar but taller and grows in clay. Evidence now that it’s not as tolerant to coastal situations as first thought. Eucalyptus nitens Shining gum is a fast growing and large Australian tree introduced to New Zealand as a fast growing coppicing tree suitable for firewood and timber. Do not plant any eucalypts within 30m of food plants, eg your vegetable gardens, as their roots go a long way. Excellent shelter and firewood species. Page: 1 2 Next >> Sponsored links Back to top. • your time frames; When I was planning my property an elderly gentleman said to me that if I was planting fruit trees, I wouldn’t need to plant firewood trees. Interestingly the year I started my Eucalyptus business, 2018 which was exceptionally hot ! Eucalyptus nitens… Nitens are generally grown as a firewood crop, though they also make grand stand alone specimen trees. Eucalyptus Nitens grown in Ireland for firewood and biomass. very fast growth, has extraordinary vigour when grown in clays or moist loams, likes really tough cl.. $1.80 The pictures show our last original tree, recently felled. It’s nitrogen-fixing, with fast growth, and excellent shelter. Eucalyptus nitens is grown as a commercial plantation species in cool temperate regions around the world, including Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa and Chile. I have been on my property four years now, and this winter I have enough kindling and small wood from our own supply of prunings. Eucalyptus nitens occupies the largest area of any eucalypt species in New Zealand, thanks to its suitability for high-quality pulp. “It grows much faster than its cousin Acacia melanoxylon, has similar density, attractive flowers in spring, and the birds don’t spread the seed. • your ability to safely harvest; Initially these trials were wide ranging, though it was quickly established that Eucalyptus would never produce viable construction timber. “I would have a range of species and include Eucalyptus microcorys (healthier roots) plus E. meulleriana, E. macrorhyncha, (stringy barks), E. fastigata (healthy everywhere although not ground durable), and perhaps E. bosistoana (durable and hard). John & Colleen Brown – Tree Crops Association, Northern region, Why John and Colleen Brown don’t like gums. Twenty years ago we planted 30 Eucalyptus nitens, dividing them between the flat and the hill above. “For those keen on oaks, there are now many species of evergreen Mexican oaks readily available. Puriri moth is also limiting for some species in our area, especially ash and alders. Peter Syms – NZ Tree Crops Association, Nelson. The tallest self-seeded sapling is 4.5m at two years of age. Eucalyptus nitens Myrtaceae (Deane et Maiden) Maiden ECOLOGY E. nitens occurs in the hills and valleys in mountain areas, sometimes as small pure stands and often forming part of a mosaic of Eucalyptus species. No Reserve. $105.00. The Eucalyptus nitens plantation was just over 4 years old and the trees are 12m in height already! According to the research I have done, expect to start harvesting firewood in about 7 to 10 years. Ditto A. decurrens. It was very noticeable that the Nitens grew very quickly to start with when the temperature was average in late spring, but then slowed down considerably, and more or less stopped growing when the temperature got into the mid 40°C range. TARANAKI-CENTRAL DISTRICTS Eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. From pohutukawa in the lower North Island, to eucalyptus in Central Otago, here are some of the best firewood trees by region. Buy Now. • be moderately wind firm; You could plant it at 2-4m centres, as single species and then thin out to allow the better ones to grow fatter. If you have an average size lifestyle block (4ha/10 acres) and don’t want to plant a forest, you still don’t need to plant out a specific firewood block. Disadvantages: Borer will attack barked areas when stored creating dusty/dirty firewood, too many suckers after harvesting can be a problem. It tends to die out with root rot after about 10 years but produces excellent resinous firewood after 3-4 years, and the pigeons, tui, and bellbirds love it.”, AUCKLAND – NORTH Growth rates of over 2m per year in ideal conditions. What’s left is great firewood, dense and full of energy. My personal experience of Nitens has been that they enjoy hydration and after improving the soil with diluted milk Kefir they really started to enjoy themselves  Eucalyptus Nitens as it likes to drink, they didn’t enjoy the drought of 2018 A great tree for wet areas in Ireland, the photo below is from a mature Nitens forest in New Zealand planted in a boggy gully. WEST COAST If I was nervous about future log size, they might all be felled before getting too large. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. I prefer A. mearnsii or black wattle, but it does have weed potential, it’s very fast-growing. It’s very dense, splits well, burns cleanly, but is rather slow growing. Eucalyptus nitens (PLUG grown) Shining gum Ht 40-50m Mountains of Victoria. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Why not occupy some of the understorey space with advance regeneration of a cypress such as a Leyland hybrid or C. ovensii. WELLINGTON – HOROWHENUA Fast-growing, gorgeous timber and firewood tree, coppices well after 5 years. Broadly conical when young, grows rapidly, cold hardy, best in regular rainfall at higher altitude. Each of my trees has multiple purposes, and firewood is simply the end use of them all. Also known as shinning gum because the adult trees have bright light coloured bark. Eucalyptus are … So what is this multipurpose gem, originally from the Canary Islands and now naturalised in NZ since the early 1900s? It has a pleasant perfume, is not palatable to stock, and makes a special honey. There was one exception LOL and to start with I thought it was a rough plant, but it’s definitely a Nitens  Pictured below, about ten weeks from germination ! I’d avoid the weedy species like sycamore and black wattle, and exotic ‘bird food’ berry species which are invariably weedy (eg cherry, holly, berberis, cotoneaster, eleagnus, hawthorn). Detailing Gunnii, Nitens and Viminalis. “We have some winter frosts, north-facing slopes, 1500mm annual rainfall, heavy clay soils, are subject to rare easterly turbulence but no salt burn. It requires adequate moisture. Eucalyptus viminalis and Eucalyptus fastigata both grow nearly as fast, coppice well, get fewer pest attacks, and if you get the odd straight one you can grow it for 30 years and get valuable durable timber. Those on the flat were killed by frost the first winter but those on the hill have provided excellent firewood and the older trees have self-seeded. • grow fast; Eucalyptus nitens (shining gum) Eucalyptus nitens is a hardwood species with a pretty excellent form. I would suggest a mix of low-density wood for kindling and starting fires and high-density wood for slower burning and more heat. I took his advice and since then have planted about 150 fruit, nut and fodder trees. tree is very hardy and grows rapidly in any reasonable soil. CENTRAL OTAGO Large blue-green juvenile foliage matures to longer, darker leaves. Tree lucerne is quick growing and provides much-needed wind shelter and the trimmings can be fed to stock or make great compost. He says the best species for any block, anywhere in NZ, depends on five factors: 4. Oh, and pohutukawa honey is the best. They have attractive timber in their own right. “I’d also interplant some acacias (eg, A. elata, A. falciformis, A. melanoxylon, A. dealbata) but not the very weedy ones. (Fast Growing Timber) $4.00. "Eucalyptus are our thing! • split easily; Ideal for flooring-type uses, and has excellent pulping and … “There is a lot of light under a thinned eucalypt canopy. Uses and applications. Hard to believe that the trees in the photo below are only fifteen years old Again they are from the Southern Hemisphere Farm Forestry New Zealand though New Zealand does have similar climatic conditions to Ireland. $105.00. Acacia mearnsii or black wattle is good firewood, and its copious spring flowers provide pollen for bees, but it may become a weed problem. I planted a crop of eucalyptus trees 18 years ago for firewood (sugar gum mainly). On the other hand, it tolerates harsh, dry, exposed sites, and male trees are attractive in the autumn. It has smooth greyish bark, sometimes with thin, rough bark near the base, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven or nine, white flowers and cup-shaped, barrel-shaped or cylindrical fruit. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. NEW SIZE 100 x BLUE Polypropylene Firewood SACKS PPE Bags 470mm x 810mm Start price. And I still like E. saligna, it is a great coppicer, has red, moderately durable timber and is fairly shade-tolerant. The wood of the pohutukawa is tough and springy and makes fantastic axe or hammer handles. Eucalyptus Nitens are a suitable Eucalyptus for costal areas. We can’t agree on which firewood we like to use in our wood stove but we can definitely agree on what we wouldn’t plant again: gums! But best of all I think is Eucalyptus botrioides, but where the first four are frost-tolerant, E. botrioides is a coastal tree and prefers good drainage.  All gums must be fed and weeded or they will die. It has f laky white/grey or yellow bark shedding in long ribbons with a smooth under layer. Any pieces not suitable for woodworking are fantastic firewood, and the rest makes great mulch. • be at least medium density; Noted for their ability to withstand strong winds makes them ideal as shelter. The timber produced by eucalyptus fastigata is gorgeous, making it a suitable choice for furniture. Thinning a manuka stand to about 1m spaces will ensure faster growth. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. When burning it will pop and spark a lot. Of course, you can always throw on some citrus rind or rosemary to give a more powerful scent if you prefer. Description. Dec 16, 2013 - Firewood (coppicing) trees: Eucalyptus nitens - Shining Gum - Tall, very hardy, exceptionally fast gum with excellent tolerance to humidity, frost, and dry to moist soils, but not prolonged waterlogging. To grow fine timber trees, these should be close planted and then progressively thinned out (hence the fuelwood) to at least 10-12m spacings. We are a international supplier of New Zealand Native & Exotic Tree & Shrub seed, NZ Native Ornamental Grasses, Tussocks & Smaller Plant seeds The oils in the wood along with the ability to create an intense flame has led some wood stove distributers or chimney sweeps to recommend not burning the wood. Furniture, joinery, sliced veneer, benchtops, flooring, laminated beams, decking. Eric’s favourite is Acacia dealbata (silver wattle). Additionally, samples for DNA comparison were taken from the truck: slice of wood from E. nitens tree (EN219) and stem still attached to E. globulus 000829320734 tree in truck (EG2023). Sheryn Deans –  tree cropper, Tirau. The redwoods and cryptomeria seem more resistant to wind damage, and of course, redwood is another excellent coppicing species. • the size of your block; Unthrifty by age 20 at low altitude in warmer districts, but yields a lot of firewood. WAIKATO COASTAL OTAGO In its natural habitat, the climate is cool to warm, or humid to subhumid, with the mild summers rarely having very high temperatures. However, some are finding that around 40% of the cut stumps fail to regenerate. Plant the right trees and they can do double duty, like firewood, and shelter, amenity, and/or habitat. In a small woodlot, it’s a liability as a saw log unless you mill it yourself. Busy bees and bellbirds flit between its flowers in the summer. The ones we planted have become an embarrassment as they grew like triffids before we got around to harvesting them and now they are too big to fell safely. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. Grow Your Own Firewood A selection of our faster growing Eucalyptus species suitable for growing in different environments in the UK, chosen for their ability to produce an excellent crop of high quality fuel in a relatively short period of time; between 5-12yrs for first harvest. They should: Advantages: propagated from poles for free, very even, straight, quick growth, easy to fell, split and stack, coppicing allows harvest every three years, dries quickly and borer doesn’t seem to attack the stored wood, very easy to mulch the branchlets, foliage good as stock food. Is Eucalyptus Good Firewood Yes. Quick view ... Brown Barrel / Eucalyptus Fastigata - 25 Seeds! Disadvantages: very greedy root system, firewood not as hot as some, but quick heat. Among the top options for denser wood, I would nominate the denser acacias. It is best split when green. These would be planted in mid to late spring at approximately 2m centres (ex-rootrainer stock).
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